A travel website that names the Top 10 tourist attractions and places all over the world has named the Top 10 tourist destinations in Mongolia
. The selection of the Top 10 places has been based upon the comments of foreign travelers in Mongolia and voting of professional travel reporters.
The Altai mountain range stretches for 900 km across Russia, Mongolia and China. The highest mountain peak, the Khuiten Uul at 4,374 meters flanked by four other peaks along the Potanin River, the source of a massive glacier, are commonly known as Tavan Bogd or the Five Saints. The Altai region is abundant with significant archaeological sites dating back to Paleolithic era, evidences of human habitation as far back as 40,000-12,000 years ago. Bayan-Ulgii aimag of Mongolia is the home to the second largest ethnic group, the Kazakhs.
Ikh (Great) Bogd Snow capped Mountain is the highest peak of Govi-Altai sub range and is 3,900 meter high above sea level. There is a Salty Lake called Orog at the mountainside. Ikh Bogd sacred mountain had broken into gorge and partially collapsed by an earthquake in 1957. The gorge is 100 km long. Other notable attractions include Bichigt Khad, a world-class petro glyphic, whose rock paintings date back to the Bronze Age. The nearby Tsagaan Agui (White Cave) is believed to be the place of the earliest human inhabitance in Mongolia, with evidence of human presence dating as far back as 700,000 years ago.
The Yolyn Am or the Lammergeyer’s mouth is a towering mountain gorge in the middle of the Gobi desert with thick ice all year-round.
Tsagaan Suvarga is an area of 30 meter high white limestone formations.
The ancient seabed, Bayan Zag has a treasure package of late Crafeceous dinosaurs. In 1921, American paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews found the dinosaur eggs and fossils from the Bayan Zag or the Flaming Cliffs where the rocks give off orange and red colors that seem to glow at sunset.
The Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake at an altitude of 2,060 meter is surrounded by extinct volcanoes and covers an area of 61 square km. Near the crater of the Khorgo volcano there are dozens of small caverns with stalactites hanging from the ceiling and walls. In the middle of the lake there is a volcanic island covered with bird nests made of the fragrant grass Samkhan.
Naiman Nuur or The Eigth Lake is located 70 km south-west of the Orkhon waterfall. The lakes were created by volcanic eruptions and are a part of the 11,500 hectare of Khuisiin Naiman Nuur Natural Reserve.
Khuvsgul Lake- the Blue Pearl of Mongolia is surrounded by lush green hills, mountains reaching for the sky, and dense alpine forests of taiga. 96 rivers and streams flow into the lake that was created 2.5-3million years ago by tectonic activities. The majestic clear-watered lake contains 65 % of all the fresh water of Mongolia and furthermore, 1% of the world’s fresh water supply. Khuvsgul is the land of the Tsaatan reindeer herdsmen, a branch of the Turkic-speaking Tuvinian or Dukha ethnic group.
Kharkhorin (Karakorum) - the ancient capital of Mongolia was established by Chinggis Khan in 1220 in the Orkhon valley. For 140 years Kharkhorin served as the capital of the united Mongol tribes until it was destroyed by the Chinese troops in 1391. In 1586, Erdene Zuu
, the first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia was built on the ruins of the 13th century capital.
The Orkhon Valley covers an area of 1,220 square kilometers and is one of the most important cultural regions in the world and was recognized by the UNESCO World Heritage as a cultural landscape in 2004. The extensive area encompasses the pasture land on both banks of the Orkhon River and includes numerous archaeological sites dating back to the 6th century. The Orkhon Valley Cultural landscape includes sites such Kharkhorin - the 13thcentury capital of Chinggis Khan’s Empire, Tuvkhun monastery and Khar Balgas from the Uyghur Empire.