Russia and Mongolia are celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Agreement of Friendship
In the frames of celebrating the Days of Russia-Mongolia friendship
and cooperation, and on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Agreement of Friendship between Russia and Mongolia
in 1912, the Institute of International Studies affiliated the Mongolian Academy of Sciences presented awards to notable people for its significant contributions to the development of mutual relationships of the two countries on November 01, 2012.
On this day, the Institute of International Studies presented an Honorary Doctorate Degree and Certificate to Dr. Olga Bakich retired from Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, University of Toronto, Canada and to the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to Mongolia Viktor Vasilyevich Samoilenko
The grandfather of Dr. Olga Bakich was a Russian military leader, Lieutenant General Andrei Stepanovich Bakich, who moved east to Mongolia through the arid steppes Dzungaria in May 1921, because of the threatening environment of Reds squad.
Though granddaughter Olga Bakich contributed greatly to establish the first Mongolian Printing House, moreover founded and printed the diary of the Russian diplomat and orientalist I.Ya.Korostovets titled “Nine months in Mongolia
” (August 1912 - May 1913). The published diary describes not only the description of real historical events in Outer Mongolia at the time, but all the details and intricacies of complex details of dozens of meetings and visits of the Russian Ambassador in connection with its mission.
In 1912, at the request of the Russian Prime Minister S.Yu.Vitte, I.Ya.Korostovets led the Russian diplomatic mission in Urga (Urguu
, now the capital of Mongolia - Ulaanbaatar). On October 21 (November 03 in the Gregorian calendar), 1912, the first Russian-Mongolian agreement was signed between I.Ya.Korostovets and Mongolian authorities in Urga, the Agreement recognized the autonomy of Outer Mongolia and giving Russian citizens in Mongolia several privileges. This act meant the recognition of the independence of the Mongolian state. This contract, which played a decisive role in the formation of Mongolia, was a major diplomatic success of Imperial Russia before the First World War.
From the diary of a Russian diplomat, I.Ya.Korostovets...
“The signing of the agreement was scheduled on October 21, 1912.
Mongols did not appear at the General Consulate of Russia in Urga, where the Russian Ambassador Ivan Korostovets waited for them.
Finally, late in the evening there were several noblemen, they explained that it was requested to find out which is the most favorable time for signature by an astrologer, due to lunar calendar.
He gave advice to select the end of the day, after sunset.
The Mongols were very serious, they listened carefully to the explanation of how to sign international treaties. Then the ceremony of exchanging tobacco was conducted.
After this, Mongols stood up and came to the table, carefully brought Chinese ink and signed their names vertically downwards on the act prepared.”
Andrei Stepanovich Bakich (1878-1922)
Prominent leader of the White movement in Siberia.
General Andrei Bakich commanded the detachment of White Guard in Mongolia under the leadership of Baron Ungern. Having taken the Mongolian Urga in 1921, the Baron took up the post of Chief of Headquarters of the Mongolian Army and started showing interest in Uriangkhai region. Not only Mongolia but also China continued to count on support of the Uriangkhai population, but as time went on, and by 1921, the orientation of the Uriangkhai population changed. The Tuvans began to choose - who is White, who is Red, who is enemy and who is a friend to the local people. This year was marked by a serious attempt of the White detachments of atamans Kazantsev, Kaygorodov, General Bakich, to take over Tuva. Ungern sent a detachment of General Bakich to Tuva, hoping to conquer the territory without much effort. But the White Guard underestimated the strength of the partisan detachments of Kochetov.
Ivan Yakovlevich Korostovets (1862-1933)
In 1890-1894 - the Second Secretary of the mission in Beijing, China From 1894 - Secretary of the mission in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
From 1896 - Secretary of the mission in Lisbon, Portugal
In 1905, I.Korostovets took part in the Russian delegation at the conclusion of the Portsmouth Peace with Japan.
In 1909-1912 - Envoy in the Qing Empire
August 1912 - May 1913, Russian Ambassador in Urga, Mongolia
In October 1913 Korostovets was appointed as an Ambassador to Persia and held the post until 1915.
After the October Revolution had refused to cooperate with the Bolsheviks. Emigrated to Finland.